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      幼兒園英語音標教學PPT課件

      幼兒園英語音標教學PPT課件

      幼兒園英語音標教學PPT課件這個PPT共75頁,該文件包含了PPT課件。主要包含音素和國際音標,元音和輔音的定義,讀單詞等,歡迎點擊下載。

      Holly Joe
      元音和輔音的定義:
      發音時聲帶振動,呼出的氣流通過口腔時不受阻礙,這樣形成的語音稱為元音。
      不論聲帶振動與否,發音時呼出的氣流通過口腔或鼻腔時受到一定的阻礙,這樣形成的語音稱為輔音。
      發音時聲帶不振動的輔音稱為清輔音。
      發音聲帶振動的輔音稱為濁輔音。
      國際音標
       {
      Vowels(元音)          -pure vowels(單元音)
      /i:/
      例詞:
             he             sea             tree             field
      短語:
                        green leaves          deep sea     
                      clean street       eat the meat
      例句:
                A: Would you like coffee or tea?
                B: Tea, please.
                A: OK. I have tea, too.
      /?/- /i/
      例詞:
               pin         ship         hill         chicks
      短語:
                  a big ship            fifty pictures
                  Miss Smith      interesting films
      例句:
                 A: Is Lily in?
                 B: Lily is ill in bed.
                 C: Oh, I’m sorry.
      /e/-/ε/
      例詞:
                   pen       head       leg       well
      短語:
                    ten pence           very well
          expensive cigarettes      went to America
      例句:
          A: How did you spend your holiday?
          B: I went to Beijing.
          A: Was it expensive?
          B: Yes ,very.
      /æ/
      例詞:
           apple     lantern     hand     parachute
      短語:
                   black cat         mad man
             traveling bag         matter-of –fact
      例句:
              A: Ann is traveling to Japan.
              B: How happy she is !
              A: She is very happy.
      Vowels(元音)    -pure vowels(單元音)
      /?:/- /?:/
      例詞:
                 girl      bird      work       turn
      短語:
                   early bird         superb work
             thirsty person         perfect search
      例句:
         A: He always arrives work early.
         B: But he wasn’t early this morning.
         A: You weren’t early either.
      /?/
      例詞:
          teacher   picture   breakfast   welcome
      短語:
             a glass of water     a quarter to seven
        brothers and sisters    a book about China
      例句:
            A: look at the clock!
            B: what’s the time?
            A: it’s a quarter to seven
      /?/
      例詞:
                cup      run       jump       flood
      短語:
                   hurry up!         trust us!
            rubbish dump         mustn’t worry
      例句:
               A: It’s sunny today.
               B: Yes, isn’t it.
               A: My uncle will go to London next
                    Monday.
               B: How lucky he is!
      /u:/
      例詞:
                 zoo     who     food      blue
      短語:
            a tooth for a tooth     Sue and Lucy
                    fruit juice     two shoes
      例句:
          A: Look at my new shoes?
          B: Oh, they are beautiful.
          A: Your boots are beautiful, too.
      /?/-/v/
      例詞:
               foot     wood     book     push
      短語:
                   good cook        good book
           couldn’t look    pudding without sugar
      例句:
            A: Where did you put the book?
            B: Which book?
            A: The book you bought yesterday.
      /?:/
      例詞:
               fork     ball     morning     airport
      短語:
                   four balls        score board
            morning glory       sports reporter
      例句:
         A: I see two children on the blackboard.
         B: He is short.
         A: She is shorter.
      /?/- /?/
      例詞:
             cock     shop     job     hospital
      短語:
                   hot coffee         long job
                  on the box         drop the pot
      例句:
            A: I have a bad cough.
            B: You must see a doctor.
            A: Yes, I must go to the hospital.
      /ɑ:/
      例詞:
                 car     garden     star     guitar
      短語:
                        fast car        half mast
           heart transplant        stars and bars
      例句:
            A: You look very smart today.
            B: Thank you.
            C: What a marvelous dancer you are.
                 Let me take a photograph of you.
      /e?/-/ei/
      例詞:
                face      rain      cake      wait
      短語:
                 eight cakes     waste paper
           railway station     wait for the mail
      例句:
      A: It’s my birthday today.
      B: Happy birthday
      A: Thank you. Come to my birthday party.
           And don’t be late.
      /a?/-/ai/
      例詞:
               sky       kite       write       bicycle
      短語:
                      white lie      high tide
                   eye for eye     silent night
      例句:
      A: It’s a fine day today. The sun is shining
           brightly.
      B: Yes, I feel hot. I like an ice-cream now.
      A: Yes, I do, too.
      /??/-/?i/
      例詞:
                boy      boil      noise      coin
      短語:
                   a spoilt boy      a noisy toy
         an annoying voice     Joyce's boyfriend
      例句:
        A: Look at my toy gun.
        B: Oh, what a good toy!
        A: Shall we join our friends in the garden?
        B: Yes, let’s go.
      /??/-/?v/
      例詞:
         coast  throw  boat  toe
      短語:
          Joe’s coat      go to the window
       load and unload  throw a snowball
      例句:
             A: Look! He has a boat.
             B: Is he going to row?
             A: I think so.
      /a?/-/av/
      例詞:
             cow    house    mouth      trousers
      短語:
                  shout out        brown mouse
               down town        round lounge
      例句:
          A: Is she milking the cow?
          B: Yes, she is.
          A: Is the cow in he house?
          B: No. She is on the dairy farm.
      /??/-/i?/
      例詞:
                   ear     queer      zero     beard
      短語:
            the atmosphere here     queer skier
      weary mountaineer    experienced engineer
      例句:
          A: Let’s have some beer here.
          B: What a good idea!
          A: What shall we do after having beer?
          B: We shall go to the theatre.
      /e?/-/ε?/
      例詞:
           hair     bare     pear     chair
      短語:
      millionaire’s heir     mayor’s parents
      square chairs     careful librarian
      例句:
      A: Where is my pen?
      B: It’s over there on the chair.
      A: Thank you. It’s really there.
      /??/-/v?/
      例詞:
                tour     poor    jury     gourd
      短語:
             poor tourists       tour from China
              furious jury       European gourd
      例句:
      A: I received a letter from my uncle. He’s
           sick with influenza.
      B: I’m sorry. Is he still in Europe.
      A: Yes. He’s still working in London.
      B: He must speak fluent English.
      輔音
                           發音位置相同
      清輔音:        發音時聲帶不震動
      濁輔音 :       發音時聲帶震動
      清輔音 /p/   /t/   /k/   /f/   /θ/
      濁輔音/b/  /d/   /g/   /v/   /ð/
      清輔音 /s/ / ∫ /  /t∫/   /ts/  /tr/
      濁輔音/z/ / 3 / /d 3/ /dz/ /dr/
      /p/
      例詞:
                  pig      pot      pond      plan
      短語:
                    pick up         a pepper pot
        a piece of pork         a pen and a pencil
      例句:
         A: Do you collect stamps?
         B: Yes, I do.
         A: Will you show me your stamp album?
         B: Yes, they are upstairs. Let me go and
              fetch them.
      /b/
      例詞:
                 bus    bed     bench     brush
      短語:
                          Big Ben    a big bottle
           beautiful blouses    blue butterflies
      例句:
            A: Is this your handbag?
            B: No, it isn’t my handbag is not brown.
            A: What color is you handbag?
            B: It’s black.
      /t/
      例詞:
                  tie     taxi     tap     telephone
      短語:
                  tit for tat        tip of the tongue
                   flat foot        tale-teller
      例句:
      A: I’m hungry. I want something to eat.
      B: What about some steak? Let’s go to the
           restaurant!
      A: Yes, let’s go.
      /d/
      例詞:
                door     doctor     head     wind
      短語:
                  darling daughter         dark red
          played cards        listened to the radio
      例句:
      A: What did you do last night?
      B: I studied last night.
      A: Did you study all night?
      B: No, I didn’t. I listened to the radio for
           some time.
      /k/
      例詞:
                  car      duck     clock      park
      短語:
        the back of the car        ask question
              a quarter to six        cool as cucumber
      例句:
      A: I like chocolate cakes.
      B: You do? Do you often have chocolate cakes?
      A: Yes, I do.
      B: If you want to keep fit, don’t eat too many
           chocolate cakes.
      /g/
      例詞:
                   bag     dog     goat     grape
      短語:
              good girl         go to the grocer’s
              as good as gold         get angry
      例句:
      A: Can you play the guitar?
      B: Yes, I played my guitar in the garden and
           song again and again with my friends last
           night.
      A: You must have had a good time last night.
      /f/
      例詞:
                  laugh     fat     fish     family
      短語:
                 fresh fruit          fast food
                   soft sofa          feel fine
      例句:
        A: Look at Freda! She is fashionable.
        B: Her hat is funny.
        A: Look at her fur coat. It’s fabulous.
      /v/
      例詞:
           vet     village     volcano     television
      短語:
                  lovely view      village vet
          leaving arriving      leaves of the vine
      例句:
           A: Who’s driving the van?
           B: I think victor is.
           A: Who is victor?
           B: He is my new neighbor, he has lived
                here for only a few months.
      /θ/
      例詞:
               tooth    month    thin    thirsty
      短語:
          three thousand      Martha's birthday
           healthy author     thirty mathematicians
      例句:
       A: My father is a mathematician.
       B: No wonder you are good at mathematics.
       A: To tell you the truth, my father never
             teaches me math.
      /ð/
      例詞:
            father     breathe     that      feather
      短語:
            smooth leather      get together
        better than others      another brother
      例句:
        A: Lily is taller than Mary.
        B: But Mary is slimmer than Lily.
        A: Look at them. They’re doing physical
             exercise together.
      /s/
      例詞:
                sun     small      horse     bicycle
      短語:
           sleep soundly     expensive cigarettes
              some books     sit in the sun
      例句:
         A: These are cups.
         B: Those are saucers.
         A: They’re nice cups and saucers.
      /z/
      例詞:zebra  【'zebr?]
                zoo     prize     bees     nose
      短語:
            jazz music      close the windows
            these days       zero animal
      例句:
         A: Let’s go to the zoo.
         B: Good. I like looking at the zebras.
         C: I like the monkeys there. Let’s go.
      /?/
      例詞:delicious  [di'li??s 】
       fish, sugar, shoe, shop, sure,show,Asia
      短語:
         fashion shops    friendship association
          British shoes    washing machine
      例句:
          A: This shop sells washing-machines.
          B: Do they sell air-conditioners, too.
          A: Sure.
      /?/
      例詞:television ['teli,vi??n]
        garage  treasure  pleasure   measure  
      短語:
       an unusual  collision      measure a garage
               a great decision      my pleasure
      例句:
       A: Lily likes clothes for casual wear.
       B: Clothes for casual wear are comfortable,
       A: I like to wear them in my leisure time.
      讀單詞
      massage  [m??sɑ?]
      usually   [?ju??u?li]
      vision    [?v???n]
      illusion [??lu??n]
      /?/
      例詞:picture  [?p?kt??r]    kitchen [?k?t?(?)n]
       cheek, chicken,nature,church, catch,watch
      短語:
              Chinese chess      which butcher
             chicken and chips      change much
      例句:
        A: Where are the two children?
        B: They’re having lunch.
        A: Here are some cherries for them.
        B: Thank you very much.
      /?/
      例詞:giraffe [d???ræf]
                jeep    jug    orange    bridge
      短語:
         a large jeep       injured passengers
         adjust the engine      orange juice
      例句:
         A: I have an orange.
         B: Oh, your orange is large. Look! I’ve
              got a large sandwich.
         A: Yes, it is a very large one.
      /ts/
      students   coats   cats   boats
      名詞復數的讀音規則
                                                                                                                             
      名詞復數讀音練習
      friend      friends       濁輔音后讀作/z/    
      cat          cats            清輔音后讀作/s/
      sport       sports         清輔音后讀作/s/
      fox           foxes          以s.x.ch.sh結尾讀作/iz/
      flash        flashes       以s.x.ch.sh結尾讀作/iz/
      candy      candies      以輔音+y結尾-ies讀作/iz/
      photo       photos       元音后讀作/z/
      knife        knives        濁輔音后讀作/z/
      輔音
      清輔音                                  /h/
      濁輔音/m//n//η//l//r//w//j/
             └      鼻音       ┘               └ 半元音┘
      /h/
       例詞:hat  [hæt]
          hand,handbag,hair,whole  
       短語:
            heart and hand       high heels
               head-to-head       happy honeymoon
       例句:
        A: There was a car accident here last Sunday.
        B: Oh, it’s horrible!
        A: Were you here when the accident happened?
        B: No, I only heard about it.
      讀單詞
      helmet  ['helmit]
      who  [hu:]
      hunter   [?h?nt?]
      behind  [b??h??nd]
      house  [ha?s]
      /r/
      例詞:rabbit [?ræb?t]
        run,river,parrot,strawberry,write   
      短語:
           American waitress      a married secretary
            grown up children      French restaurant
      例句:
         A: Rose works as a secretary at the railway
              station.
         B: She does? She is a very pretty girl.
         A: Yes, very.
      讀單詞
      ride   [raid]
      red   [red]
      rat    [ræt]
      run   [r?n]
      /m/
      例詞:milk [milk]
      meet,summer,swimmer,comb,climb,autumn
      短語:
           man-made       make a mistake
           come tomorrow      middle name
      例句:
      A: Mum has come back home.
      B: Marvelous.
      A: Mom says we’ll go and see a movie tonight.
      B: Yes, we certainly will.
      讀單詞
      murmur ['m?:m?]
      scream   [skri:m]
      ice cream [ais  kri:m]
      /n/
      例詞:neck [nek]  
      number,funny,dinner,knife,knee,know
      短語:
          neat brandy    a negative answer
         telephone number    harden the neck
      例詞:
      A: What a nice postcard of the Grand Canyon!
      B: They are wonderful.
      A: Who sent it to you?
      B: A friend of mine.
      never  ['nev?]
      new  [nju:]
      neighbour  ['neib?]
      /?/
      例詞:drink [dri?k]
      monkey,pink,bank,king,song,       thing,spring
      短語:
           ring-ding   rising diphthong
      strong string   playing ping-pang
      例句:
      A: Do you like drinking tea?
      B: Yes, I do.
      A: We are advised to drink more tea than coffee.
      B: Tea is good for health.
      讀單詞
      bring  [bri?]
      spring  [spri?]
      charming  ['t?a:mi?]
      thank [θæ?k]
      thing [θi?]
      /l/
      例詞:lock  [l?k]
      black,lion,lamb,sleep,lawyer,bell,ballon
      短語 early for lunch     leg of lamb
       a glass of lemonade    yellow jelly
      例句:
         A: Mum, is lunch ready? I’m hungry.
         B: OK, lunch is ready.
         A: What’s for lunch, Mum?
         B: We’ll have lamb and potato salad.
      讀單詞
      sale  [seil]
      balloon  [b?'lu:n]
      lady   [?le?di]
      love   [l?v]
      /j/
      例詞:year 【ji?]
       yellow, yesterday,yard,young,yoghurt,yell      yolk   
      短語:
             yolk yellow     new year’s day
         new York university     a tough onion
      例句:
      A: My brother was a music student.
      B: What does he do now?
      A: He is now in Europe working as a
           business man.
      讀單詞
      YO-YO ['j?u j?u]
      Yolk [j?uk]
      lawyer 【‘l?:j?】
      /w/
      例詞:wash  [w??]
      week,water, swim,worker,wheel,wheat,white    
      短語:
                weight watcher     weave a web
                weeping willow     wet wind
      例句:
         A: Don’t look out of the window.
         B: Oh, I’m sorry, I’m thinking of my dog.
              Today is a wet day.
         A: Do you think your dog will be lost in the
              woods on a wet day?
      讀單詞
      sweat [swet]
      win    [win]
      window  [?w?nd??]
      Holly Joe

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      • 時間:05-04
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